Breakfast at Tiffany's at 50: We Need to Talk About Mr. Yunioshi

breakfastattiffanys_yunioshi300.jpgAs delightful as it is to watch Audrey Hepburn flitting about New York in Breakfast at Tiffany's, gazing adoringly at jewels and pretty things and falling in love as party girl Holly Golightly -- the original Carrie Bradshaw -- a shadow has loomed over that film for decades: Namely, Mickey Rooney's cartoonish turn as Mr. Yunioshi, the buck-toothed, bespectacled and slightly pervy Japanese man who lives upstairs. The good news, circa 2011, is that after years of not knowing exactly how to address that ugly, embarrassing moment in classic Hollywood cinema -- hindsight and all that -- Paramount Pictures, releasing the 50th Anniversary Blu-ray this week, offers a concerted effort to make amends.

It may seem like a small part of the slick and comprehensive new Blu-ray release of Blake Edwards' 1961 classic, which comes packed with loads of commemorative special features celebrating Hepburn and the beloved film, but the 17-minute documentaryMr. Yunioshi: An Asian Perspective, released previously on the film's 2009 DVD re-issue, is the single most important. Honestly, you can forget the daydream loveliness of "Moon River" and the escapist fabulousness of Holly Golightly's very existence. No part of the film speaks louder about American life at the time (and what fantasies real Americans received at the movies) than Mr. Yunioshi.

As played by Rooney, Mr. Yunioshi is shocking to behold. To say the character and performance don't hold up today is an understatement; at the time the caricature may have been accepted and written off as merely colorful comedic slapstick, but many decades of social progression later, it's clearly downright racist. "Miss Go-right-ry!" Rooney calls to Hepburn, affecting an outlandishly extreme "Asian" accent. With his gnarly prosthetic teeth, slicked back hair, Coke-bottle glasses and squinty eyes, he's an uncanny personification of WWII-era anti-Japanese propaganda cartoons. He's skeevy to boot; the film mines laughs out of his features, accent and behavior, not to mention Holly's efforts to shrug off Yunioshi's efforts to get her upstairs into his apartment for a private photography session. It may have been just another blip in a long history of movies featuring insulting ethnic stereotypes, but in the middle of an otherwise lovely film it became one of the more cutting examples of institutionalized racism in Hollywood.

"It just made me cringe," says actress Marilyn Tokuda, one of a handful of film and media pros interviewed in the documentary. You don't have to be Asian or Asian-American to feel that cringe when watching Rooney in the film, or to notice the striking lack of Asians in mainstream media, let alone movies. But it's not solely a matter of being woefully mis- or under-represented. Phil Lee and Guy Aoki of the Media Action Network for Asian Americans, who also appear in the feature, patiently and painstakingly explain what "yellowface" is for those who don't know, detailing how characters like Mr. Yunioshi (or Ming the Merciless, Mr. Moto, Lon Chaney in Shadows, or even Nancy Kwan in The World of Suzie Wong) reflect and perpetuate negative stereotypes that can seep off-screen into the public consciousness. When American audiences of the 1930s, 1940s and beyond are only exposed to evil Asian villains who are untrustworthy, for example, can you draw a correlation to the U.S. government then justifying the internment of Japanese-Americans on the basis that they can't be trusted?

That's not to say that racism in movies causes racist behavior. The former perpetuates the latter, and for better and for worse Breakfast at Tiffany's is a product of its time. Did filmmakers back then intend to offend? Probably not. Is their ignorance excusable nonetheless? I'd say no. We've made strides as a people, an industry and an audience to avoid lapses in judgment this damning, and we've seen the likes of Justin Lin, Jon M. Chu and Maggie Q proliferate in front of and behind the camera in recent years, helping to reverse the historic trend by normalizing the Asian-American presence in Hollywood with mainstream successes. Still, minority voices are in relatively short supply. So it's worth remembering, as we soak in the blithe cheeriness of Holly Golightly and celebrate the 50th anniversary of her romantic escapades, exactly why her Japanese neighbor upstairs is so worthy of (not so) polite disdain.


  • Hiro the Eighth Samurai (and 14th Assassin) says:

    Thank you, Jen, for raising this pertinent issue.
    Many will just shrug and wonder "Why do you people keep on bringing this up?" or, even worse, deny that it's racist at all and argue that people are just being too sensitive, get over it... all the more reason why people (whether they're of Asian descent or not), need to point out the racist beliefs that created such a caricature... beliefs that still lead to stereotypical portrayals in movies and TV shows, such as that of Bryce Lee in the 2 Broke Girls TV show.

  • Shawn Gordon says:

    I am not an Asian, but I have always cringed at the Rooney character, he ruined this movie for me, I have never been able to see past him and enjoy anything else in this movie.

  • Andrew Rack says:

    It's an Asian stereotype. Whether or not it's racist, that I think is debatable. The fact that white guys are typically heroes in movies offends me, because most white guys I know aren't heroic at all. Can you see where I'm going with this?

  • neal2zod says:

    If I go to a girl's apartment and I see Breakfast at Tiffany's in her VHS collection, I leave.

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  • equinoxranch says:

    Screw the pernicious specter of liberal political correctness. Rooney's character of "Mr. Yunioshi" is superb, period. Righteous liberals can take their cudgel based righteousness and shove it. Blake Edwards movies always make any decent soul laugh. That's all I want. I could care less about anyone's sensitivities.

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  • adi says:

    I always heard breakfast at T was a classic but never got the chance to see it.. So I turn on Netflix found it said, cool, looks like a sweet movie...saw the Rooney character for the first time and went wtf? Shut it off. You can feel the racial hatred in that that just ruined it for me. I don't have time for a POS movie from people who thinks racism is 'funny', truly a poisonous and racist portrayal.

  • e says:

    I had never seen it before it's on right now and I just can't enjoy it now that I've seen this stereotype with Mickey Rooney. I haven't seen this stereotype since elementary school and that was 45 years ago, no I just can't enjoy this movie I'm going to change the channel now. Turner Classic Movies

  • Budgie says:

    Rooney actually does a good job with an awful, stereotypical role. He at least was funny. I blame Blake Edwards for the idiocy of the characterization, which was totally jarring even by 1960 standards. Please, give the people back in 1960 some credit: they could see how inane this was at the time, for sure. What the heck was Edwards thinking? The role of the Asian valet in the Pink Panther comedies was Sun Yat Sen compared to Yuniyoshi's horror show.

    However at least Yuniyoshi is shown as a competent professional and clearly an interesting man. His studio was pretty cool. That shows how the Asians also were seen as successful. Also, at Holly's party there were several Asian women portrayed as sophisticated and, yes, a beautiful part of the bohemian set. So the film can still be enjoyed as it is, even given the pathetic nature of the Yuniyoshi stereotype. If they had toned it down and hired an Asian actor, it would have been waaaaay better. It's like that song "Some Velvet Morning." Half exquisite, half horrifyingly bad. Capote hated the film. But Hepburn as Golightly was simply one of the great movie characters of all time. Nobody else in the movie matters other than as foils. That is why we can move past it.

  • Thanks for finally writing about >Breakfast at Tiffany?s at 50:
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